What is web hosting?

Definition. Web hosting is an activity or service for providing storage space to individuals or organizations for websites accessible through the World Wide Web.

Web hosting is a huge industry with nearly a billion websites now in it, and millions of people around the world are entering this new world. The web hosting process can be daunting and confusing at first, but once you put your head around you, you will understand how it works.
First, let’s take a look at the new terminology. You may have heard different terms used to describe the process, such as: web hosting, website hosting, website hosting, blog hosting, self-hosting, etc. They all mean the same thing. You have a place on the server where you store your site files and you have complete control over it.

Note.Hosting a website or blog. You may hear these terms and think that this is the same as website hosting. However, these terms are different from what we call “web hosting”. In this case, the hosting and most of its related functions are performed by a third party. You usually get a tool / software to build your site, but are limited to the functionality this company offers. Another disadvantage of hosted solutions is that you cannot move your site elsewhere and it will be difficult to expand.

What else do you need to know?

For any website to be accessible on the Internet, it must be stored on some server / computer that is connected to the Internet. This server where you
host your website is your host. The host can be anywhere in the world, but it must have these simple things: power, internet connection, and a dedicated IP address.

If you are missing only one of these things, your site will not be available on the Internet.

• Power supply is a necessary element for the site to be available online all the time. As with many things we use in our day to day life, if you don’t have a power source, it just won’t work.

• An internet connection is the infrastructure with which you need to communicate with others. If you have your website on a computer with no internet connection, this is the same as running your business on a deserted island with no connection to the land. You exist on the island, but no one can contact you.

• The IP address is literally the address of your website. IP is short for “Internet Protocol” and is a set of commands that provide communication, identification, and positioning to any computer connected to the Internet. “Dedicated IP” simply means that the address does not change with every connection.

Note.Perhaps you might be thinking that I can get my own dedicated IP address at home and host the website on my own computer. But what about if your computer or internet breaks down and you need to restart your computer? Suddenly, your site will not be available to anyone. To address this issue, web host owners own and operate dedicated machines that exist solely to serve the website. The servers are located in a specialized building called data centers. Data centers have all the features you need to make your website accessible 24/7/365.

Think of your website as a real business

Web hosting sounds like something virtual and you will probably never visit one of the data centers to see what is happening behind closed doors. To keep things simple, we’ll look at every feature of a web host similar to starting and running a real business. Just like when starting a new business, you will need: name, location, personnel and product. The same is true for launching a new website, you will need: name (domain name), location (web server), staff (you or the webmaster), and product (website content).

Naming your company

As with starting a business, you must name it. When you sign up for your hosting account, you will need to determine the name of your site, until then you cannot start building your site. (For example, choosing a name for the site  “New Achievement” – The first intelligent center for distance technologies “, you can use the English word new/ .)

Note: Most hosting companies also offer domain registration services. Some people store their domain name with a registrar company, separate from their hosting account. We recommend storing all of this under a hosting account for trouble-free management and maintenance.

Finding a location for your business

If your site is your business, your hosting is the building that houses your business. You can think of your hosting providers as your landlords. They rent space for you, take care of themselves, you pay them rent, but the rest is in your hands. Finding the right hosting company is essential to the success of your website and can be difficult, but more on that in part three of the guide.

Note. You will find a variety of web hosts online, ranging from free hosting and the size of your own dedicated server. We suggest you not try to go too far right away (unless you know some secret to getting thousands of visitors) and avoid free hosting offers (free cheese is only in a mousetrap). Start with a basic shared / personal hosting plan and work your way up as needed, your web hosting plan can grow from your site.

Understand who will do all the work

This part needs no significant analogy. In both cases, websites and businesses need staff to take care of the business, get new products or information in the right place, and keep it up to date. Even if you don’t sell physical products on your website, you will still need to update your website content.

Note. While not all websites need to be updated daily, it is recommended that you receive new information regularly. If you need to update once a month, you can take care of it, but if you need to update it once a week or even once a day, you can hire additional staff.

Prepare your products for business

Getting new content on your site is the same as getting new supplies from a physical store. You need to stay consistent, fresh and always available, or even the most loyal customers will eventually stop coming. Although you paid for hosting, filling your site with content is your responsibility, not your host’s.

Note. If we go back to the landlord and build an analogy, your host should take care of your server. This means that the landlord is responsible for the computer, power, and Internet connections, just as the landlord is responsible for the building he is renting. The building and business are separate from each other, as are the service and the website. They work together, of course, but you can freely move your business elsewhere and the building will still stand. In the same way, the server will exist even if you move your website.

Additional things you need to keep your business running

With the four basic elements outlined above, you should be able to get your site up and running. However, there are a few more things we must mention that may be required to successfully launch your website. These are items: decor, office, key to enter, insurance, renewal, security, advertising. These same things are available for your site:

Decor = your website design

Office = hosting control panel account 

Keys = username and password 

Insurance = backup system

Updating = tools to update content 

Security = updating your account information

Avoid newbie misconceptions

Building a website and buying hosting are things that are still new to most people. Knowing what happens first and who is responsible for it does not come naturally. In this section, we will explain your responsibility and your host’s responsibility. We’ll look at common beginner’s misconceptions and mistakes.

What to expect from a web host

As we said, your host is your landlord. Hosting companies are responsible for capacity, server space, internet connectivity, and ensure that the server is available at all times. If one of them is defective, it is their responsibility to fix it. If you have any problems with your site, you are responsible for that. Usually, web host support will work with you to determine if the problem is on their side or yours.

It is your web host’s responsibility to offer you support. Support can come in a variety of forms, such as telephone, online chat, email, online communities, FAQ database, or something else. Some hosts offer more than one option, but there are a limited number of things they can do for you. As always, you can get the most out of your support if you know where the problem is.

If the problem is with your site, most hosts will tell you to find someone to fix it. Some of them may direct you to someone. Some of them may have staff to help you solve the problem, of course at an additional cost. It would be foolish to think that every landlord can solve problems with every type of office, gallery or store, and it’s the same with web hosts. There are a number of tools and languages ​​that you can use to build your site, and you cannot expect everyone to know how to fix everything.

Your site is your responsibility

I’ve mentioned this several times, but it’s worth repeating – your site is your responsibility. However, there can be thousands of ways to lose all or part of your data and therefore your site. Fire, flood, explosions, or just bored hackers who decide to tinker with the server that your site is turned on are just a few of the reasons things could go wrong. This is the part where we reinforce the idea and need for a good backup plan. Cleaning up a few missing details is much easier than building your website from scratch.

When it comes to looking after your website, there are a few rules to apply. Backing up your site is always a good idea if things go wrong. Keep your username and password in a safe place and not easy to guess, so hackers can’t get in. Keep the software you will be building on your site up to date.

Takeaway: Web hosting is not very difficult to understand, but you need to know the basic terms to be able to navigate the web hosting field. Know what you need to host a website, know what your responsibilities are, and find out what your web hosting provider is responsible for.

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